A study has found that the way chemical waste used in medicine and medicine is polluting the world’s rivers poses a threat to the environment and public health.
According to a BBC report, the study, conducted by the University of York, found a large presence of paracetamol, nicotine, caffeine, as well as drugs for epilepsy and diabetes in the contamination samples.
The study, conducted around the world, found that rivers in Pakistan, Bolivia and Ethiopia were the most polluted. Rivers in the evergreen forests of Iceland, Norway and the Amazon are the least polluted.
It is unknown at this time what he will do after leaving the post. It is understood, however, that man-made reproductive control materials in the river interfere with the growth and reproduction of fish. Scientists fear that the increase in the presence of antibiotics in the river may reduce the effectiveness of these drugs.
Rivers are getting sick from man-made drugs
The study collected river water samples from more than one thousand areas of more than one hundred countries. A total of 256 river water samples were tested and found to be present in more than one-fourth of the rivers at the level of ‘active drug preparation material’ which is causing harm to aquatic life.
The head of the research team. John Wilkinson told the BBC: “Usually, whatever happens, we take these chemicals, they have some of the expected effects on us, and then they leave our bodies.
“Those chemicals go into rivers or reservoirs and mix. As far as we know, even the most modern efficient water treatment plants cannot completely remove these compounds. ”
The presence of ‘lifestyle consumables’ like coffee caffeine and nicotine in cigarettes or ‘paracetamol used in daily life’ and as an analgesic has also been found in large quantities in water.
The presence of artemisinin in Africa, which is used as a medicine for malaria, is much higher.
An aquatic ecologist at the University of Hertfordshire in the United Kingdom. Veronica Edmunds-Brown said, “We can say that [the effects of the presence of such drugs in the river] are more likely to be negative, but you need to test each one separately.
“There has been very little research on this so far. But as a result, we are increasingly using drugs to treat mental and physical illness
The situation will only get worse. “
The research report said that if the presence of antibiotics in the river continues to increase, they will develop resistance to bacteria, damage the effectiveness of the drug and ultimately pose a ‘global threat to the environment and public health’.
Most of the most polluted areas identified in the study are in low- and middle-income countries. In those areas human waste is dumped into rivers, wastewater management is poor and there are pharmaceutical factories nearby.
Associate Professor in the Department of Emerging Contaminants at the University of Birmingham in the United Kingdom. Mohammed Abdullah said, “We have seen a lot of medicine flowing into the rivers of Nigeria and South Africa. This is mainly due to the lack of waste treatment infrastructure. It is a matter of concern that the people with the lowest access to health care and the most at risk are the victims of this pollution. “
If you want to know what to do to prevent the contamination of this drug, the lead author of the research paper. Wilkinson says the picture he sees of the future is not a happy one.
“It simply came to our notice then. One of the few things that can make a difference right now is the proper use of drugs. ”